United Mileage Plus calculates its Star Alliance award rates based on the zone in which an airport is located. There is only one rate class.
The calculator includes all the Star Alliance destinations.
United Miles Discount on Hawaii Flights
Members of United Mileage Plus can redeem flights to Hawaii at a 20% discount for a short period of time (the offer ends on December 8, 2017). This is for flights between January 7 and March a0, 2018.
Study on Miles Redemption
Generally speaking value-oriented airlines have much better award seat availability than the full-fare carriers. In a study done by Switchfly, frequent flyer programs like topbonus (air berlin, NIKI) and Rapid Rewards (Southwest Airlines) showed excellent seat availability for frequent flyer program members.
The study also looked at trends and indicates that member rewards are getting better across the board. Two full fare programs that were singled out for their improved seat availability were Executive Club (British Airways) and United Mileage Plus.
Article in the Chicago Tribune: