Below are the redemption rates for a frequent flyer award ticket between Washington (IAD) and Pyongyang (FNJ). You will see how many air miles are needed to travel between IAD and FNJ.
The calculations are based on the rates published by the frequent flyer programs; we currently track approximately 75 frequent flyer programs. The calculator checks every frequent flyer program in the system to see if the destination pair is served by that program and then shows the number of air miles needed for an award flight.
Surcharges on Aeroplan award tickets can be significant. They consist of various items such as fuel surcharges, sundry charges (such as for security, facilities and passengers), taxes (HST in Canada, airport taxes etc.) and other smaller fees (e.g. airport fees). The final cost of all surcharges is also dependent on which airlines are being used and how many legs the itinerary has. The most significant cost is usually the fuel surcharge. Trans-oceanic flights usually incur several hundreds of dollars in surcharges.
Fuel surcharges do not apply to all Star Alliance airlines, the following carriers incur a fuel surcharge when booking through Aerolpan: Air Canada, Adria, Asiana, Austrian, LOT Polish, Lufthansa, TAP Portugal, THAI.
For itineraries starting or ending in Japan there are two different possible calculations. If there is a transfer on the itinerary and the transfer is in Japan, Zone 1A applies. If there is a transfer outside Japan then the higher Zone 1B calculation applies.
Fuel surcharges (YQ) are added for most international itineraries on most partner airlines. However, surcharges vary from airline to airline, for example Asiana Airlines (OZ) surcharges are lower than others such as Lufthansa (LH). No surcharges are collected if you redeem Aegean miles to travel on Air New Zealand (NZ) departing from New Zealand or on flights within the USA/Canada/Mexico on UA/US/AC.
Miles & More adds fuel surcharges and other fees to the miles required for an award ticket. These fees can be prohibitively expensive.General agreement seems to be that award flights in business and first class are still good bargains, whereas award flights in economy class can sometimes be more expensive than all-in tickets purchased for cash.
It is worth looking for Star Alliance flights operated by American or Brazilian airlines as they may not have fuel surcharges. LOT Polish flights do not incur a fuel surcharge.
Be aware of some of the exceptions to the zone-to-zone award rates! If origin and destination of the award ticket are in the same zone, transit through another zone will incur additional redemption charges.
One way flight awards with Miles & more are 50% of the round trip rates. They are rounded down to the next 1,000-mile threshold.